Why is it important to treat teeth with implant application?
What exactly is a dental implant? A dental implant is a small but extremely powerful titanium alloy screw used when surgically replacing damaged or missing natural teeth. Why is it important to treat your missing or broken teeth with implant applications?
Losing your perfect smile due to missing a tooth or two can lead to depression and loss of confidence. This, in turn, can affect your work and personal life.
Dental implants are generally known to be effective in increasing patient morale and overall confidence.
Since there is no visible difference between the tooth made after the treatment and the natural tooth, it actually affects the physical appearance positively.
As soon as a tooth is missing, the balance in your entire tooth structure begins to deteriorate. The gap created causes the remaining teeth (especially those closest to the gap) to bend and shift as a result of chewing.
Especially if the crooked structure of the teeth affects the chewing ability of the patient, it may cause more oral problems. With the loss of more than one tooth over the years, the loss of the jawbone begins.
If all your teeth are intact, you have no idea how painful it is to sting a hard part of bread or food into a missing tooth area. We can say that this is a bad feeling and this pain is felt at least once in almost every meal.
Patients even give up their favorite foods to avoid this pain while eating.
In a way, losing your ability to properly chew food can potentially prevent you from enjoying a part of your life.
For this reason, it is necessary to complete the missing teeth with implants or other treatment methods if it can be done as quickly as possible.
What is Sinus drooping in Implant Treatment? What is the effect of sinus prolapse on implant treatment?
The air spaces in the bones around the nose are called sinuses. Paranasal sinuses; Since there are air-filled bony cavities opening into the nasal cavity, these cavities are covered with a mucous membrane and the secretions of the glands located here are emptied into the nasal cavity.
The task of these cavities near the molars is to ensure the formation of sound, that is, the resonance of the sound, while also reducing the weight of the bones in the front of the skull and providing balance.
As a result of the downward sagging of the maxillary sinus cavities, some losses in bone volume occur. Although these losses are seen as a natural process, they pose a problem when it comes to implant treatment.
Sinuses are divided into 4. These;
- Cheek sinuses (maxillary sinuses),
- Forehead sinuses (frontal sinuses),
- Sines located anteriorly and posteriorly between the eyes (anterior and posterior ethmoid sinuses)
- They are grouped as intracranial sinuses (sphenoid sinuses).
We can define the sinus by saying that the sinuses open into the nose with small channels.
Sinus lifting is done to apply implant treatment
There are anatomical cavities that we call the maxillary sinus, located above our upper jaw and molars. These cavities usually hang down due to tooth loss, causing loss of bone volume. Sinuses dissolve intact bone, and the collapse of the sinus floor can reduce the bone height required for successful implant integration.
Sinus grafting is used to apply implant treatment to areas with tooth loss as a result of filling the sagging sinus cavities. This process ensures that sufficient volume is created for the length and width of the implant, which is intended to be fully inserted into the bone. Before applying sinus lift, the general condition of the patient is reviewed by the physician.
It is performed under local anesthesia by the maxillofacial surgeon.
“Sinus lifting (sinus lifting, lifting) procedure, in which the area to be applied sinus lifting is determined by the maxillofacial surgeon, who is an expert in the job, is a surgical intervention performed under local anesthesia in general.
The sinus area is lifted at the required level, and that area is made accessible through a small window opened through the mouth. After the desired rise is achieved in the sinus membrane covering the inside of the sinus, the gap formed is grafted with bone powder, suturing is performed and the area is closed.
Sinus lifting performed under local anesthesia takes an average of 15-20 minutes. Two different methods are used in sinus lifting operations:
1) Lateral (Open) Method
This method is preferred in patients who do not have a bone volume greater than 4 mm. In order for the implant application to be performed, the bone tissue is expected to reach sufficient density. Generally, after a 6-month healing period, an implant can be placed on the bone graft placed here.
2) Internal (Closed) Method
The closed method is preferred if the patient currently has a minimum bone volume of 4 mm. In this process, the sinus floor is pushed upwards with special tools to create sufficient space for the implant. Later, this space is expected to be filled with bone. Since it is a closed procedure, patients have almost no complaints after the procedure. Since it requires less bone grafting, the waiting time is reduced proportionally.
Bone Grafting in Implant Treatment
What is Bone Grafting?
Graft literally means tissue taken from any part of the body. It is taken to place in another point in the person’s own body for transplantation. Although graft is not a common term in dental treatments, graft is the main term in bone grafting. In the procedures to be performed with the person’s own bone tissue, the tissue used in the process, which is defined as the application of the tissue obtained from the patient himself or externally to the area with bone loss, is called graft. as an intervention process. The procedure performed by maxillofacial surgeons is one of the new generation applications and it is a method with successful results.
The dentist, who examines the decreasing part of the jawbone, analyzes the amount and shape of the bone tissue that should exist here and prepares an appropriate operation procedure. In the bone grafting method, bone tissue taken from the patient’s own body, obtained from animals or artificial bone powder can be used. These bone tissues added to the jawbone in accordance with the determined form, trigger the process of self-healing of the bone within a period of time varying according to the person. It may even be possible for the patient’s own bone tissue to regenerate and to develop spontaneously in the jawbone, as well as the bone powder sown.
The bone grafting process for a dental implant proceeds through the following steps:
- Physical examination of the patient is performed.
- Dental and jaw x-rays are taken and evaluation is made.
- The line to be grafted bone is planned and the amount of graft is determined.
- Tissue is taken from another part of the body or artificial tissues are provided.
- The area where jaw bone grafting will be done is completely anesthetized and this part is cleared of elements such as plaque and tartar.
- After the appropriate form is given to the part of the jawbone to be grafted, the grafts are placed in this part.
- At the last stage, the gingiva opened before the surgery is adhered to the grafted area with a special grafting material, and the grafted area is closed with stitches.
How Long Does the Bone Grafting Process Take?
Bone grafting or jawbone grafting can be completed in different times depending on the patient’s needs. Examination is necessary to give precise information on this subject. After the examination by the dentist’s comb, the appropriate treatment method will be determined for you and the necessary information will be given about how long the bone grafting surgery will take.
How Long Does the Grafted Bone Heal?
The healing process after bone grafting is among the frequently asked questions. However, it is not possible to give a figure that covers the same period for everyone. While the recovery period for individual patients is a few months, for some patients, this period may take up to 6-9 months. Usually, however, bone regeneration by diffusion does not take longer than 9 months. It is also possible to think of this as the union of a broken bone. The tissue added to the patient’s existing jawbone merges with the other tissue over time and becomes a part of this tissue. This spreads over a period similar to the healing of broken bones.
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If you ask what should be done for a beautiful dental smile, your doctor should first check your mouth and tooth structure. He will then offer you tailored treatments and answer your question. To get information about beautiful smile, you can call us, fill out our consutlation form or send a message directly via Whatsapp.